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IEA reports

The IEA in Paris produces a number of reports that are relevant to the work of the IEA Clean Coal Centre. Recent puplications of the IEA that are of interest are listed on this page, with links to the IEA site.

Facing China’s Coal Future - Prospects and Challenges for Carbon Capture and Storage, by Dennis Best and Ellina Levina, IEA 2012
This paper discusses the status of CCS in China, providing updates on past activities in R&D and on current projects, and an overview of potential and challenges for CCS development in China. It explores China’s energy and emission trends and pathways and the potential role for CCS, and analyses China’s current CCS‐related activities and policies and options for financing of CCS. The paper also provides perspectives on CCS from various Chinese stakeholders, examples of key CCS activities with details on specific projects, and information on the regulatory and policy environment and international co‐operation related to CCS in China. Globally, CCS for facilities using natural gas must be considered, but this report is concerned mainly with technologies using coal, which will remain China’s dominant fuel for some years to come .Available here.

Medium-Term Coal Market Report 2012 -- Market Trends and Projections to 2017
The Medium-Term Coal Market Report 2012 provides IEA forecasts on coal markets for the coming five years as well as an in-depth analysis of recent developments in global coal demand, supply and trade. The annual report shows that while coal continues to be a growing source of primary energy worldwide, its future is increasingly linked to non-OECD countries, particularly China and India, and to the rise of natural gas. The report is available for purchase from the IEA bookshop.

Technology Roadmap: high-efficiency, low emissions coal-fired power generation
The High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions Coal-Fired Power Generation Roadmap describes the steps necessary to adopt and further develop technologies to improve the efficiency of the global fleet of coal. To generate the same amount of electricity, a more efficient coal-fired unit will burn less fuel, emit less carbon, release less local air pollutants, consume less water and have a smaller footprint.
High-efficiency, low emissions (HELE) technologies in operation already reach a thermal efficiency of 45%, and technologies in development promise even higher values. This compares with a global average efficiency for today’s fleet of coal-fired plants of 33%, where three-quarters of operating units use less efficient technologies and more than half is over 25 years old. A successful outcome to ongoing RD&D could see units with efficiencies approaching 50% or even higher demonstrated within the next decade. Generation from older, less efficient technology must gradually be phased out. Technologies exist to make coal-fired power generation much more effective and cleaner burning.
Of course, while increased efficiency has a major role to play in reducing emissions, particularly over the next 10 years, carbon capture and storage (CCS) will be essential in the longer term to make the deep cuts in carbon emissions required for a low-carbon future. Combined with CCS, HELE technologies can cut CO2 emissions from coal-fired power generation plants by as much as 90%, to less than 100 grams per kilowatt-hour. HELE technologies will be an influential factor in the deployment of CCS. For the same power output, a higher efficiency coal plant will require less CO2 to be captured; this means a smaller, less costly capture plant; lower operating costs; and less CO2 to be transported and stored.
The report beneifts from considerable input from the IEA Clean Coal Centre and is available for download. Report  Dec 2012

Tracking Progress in Carbon Capture and Storage 
At the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi, April 2011 (CEM 2), the Carbon Capture, Use and Storage Action Group (CCUS AG) presented seven substantive recommendations to Energy Ministers on concrete, near-term actions to accelerate global carbon capture and storage (CCS) deployment. Twelve CCUS AG governments agreed to advance progress against the 2011 recommendations by the third Clean Energy Ministerial (London, 25-26 April 2012) (CEM 3). Following CEM 2, the CCUS AG requested the IEA and the Global CCS Institute to report on progress made against the 2011 recommendations at CEM 3. Tracking Progress in Carbon Capture and Storage: International Energy Agency/Global CCS Institute report to the third Clean Energy Ministerial responds to that request. The report considers a number of key questions.  2012, 19 pages Tracking Progress in Carbon Capture and Storage

A Policy Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage
This report serves as a guide to policy makers to support the development of national and international policy on carbon capture and storage (CCS), both conventional fossil fuel CCS and bioenergy with CCS (BECCS). The report argues that policy support is particularly important for CCS because, compared to other low-carbon technologies, it generates no revenue or market benefits as long as there is no price on CO2 emissions. To that effect, the report outlines suggestions for both an overall policy framework and specific policy instruments. It states that the appropriate policy framework for CCS should evolve as the technology matures, moving from: technology-specific to technology-neutral support; supporting capital deployment and operations to only incentivizing operations; an approach where costs and risks are shared by the private and public sector to one where costs and risks are borne primarily by the private sector; and subsidizing abatement to penalizing emissions.January 2012 A Policy Strategy for Carbon Capture and Storage

Clean Energy Progress report
The IEA released its first Clean Energy Progress report on 6 April 2011. It assesses the global deployment of clean energy technologies and provides recommendations to countries on future action and spending. It is available to download 

Cost and Performance of Carbon Dioxide Capture from Power Generation
by Matthias FINKENRATH of the IEA's CCS Unit in Paris. This Information Paper is available for free

This working paper evaluates cost and performance trends related to carbon dioxide (CO2) capture from power generation, based on extensive analysis of data from major engineering studies published between 2006 and 2010. Since individual studies use different methodologies and boundary conditions, study estimates for over 50 CO2 capture installations are re-evaluated on a consistent basis and updated to current cost levels. The paper discusses the need for further standardisation of evaluation methodologies and additional data for specific CO2 capture routes. Further analysis for non-OECD countries is considered crucial for global energy scenario models, and for improving the skills and knowledge developing countries need to evaluate the role of CCS in their national energy contexts.



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